In this section of
the report, our aim, through a broad overview, is to present an insight
into some of the characteristics of the UK's South Asian population.
Proportion of the Total Population
As we can see from
Table Two (right), the majority of South Asians are of Indian origin,
a figure borne out by the Home Office Statistical Monitor, Ethnic
Minorities in Great Britain, which gave the following estimates
of the proportion of South Asians as a percentage of the total population:
note (i) below
The above Home Office
estimates are similar to our (SADP's) own, which are based on the
more recently published 1991 national census.
page 2 of the Home Office Statistical Monitor, Ethnic Minorities
in Great Britain: Key Facts on Minorities of Afro-Caribbean and
Asian Origin, Government Statistical Service, November 1991.
1991 SADP UK CENSUS ANALYSIS
Asians as a proportion of the total population
Note: This figure does not include Northern Ireland
adapted from Table 2, page 3, Home Office Statistical Monitor,
Asian Population Report for Great Britain
Based on County
Monitors (England & Wales) and Regional Monitors (Scotland)
of the 1991 OPCS Census
Perhaps the most striking
aspect of the figures shown in Table Three is the large proportion
of Pakistanis and Bangladeshis under the age of 16 - approaching
50% of the total population of each group in each case, while the
age distribution of the Indian population is far more evenly spread.
In all groups, however, the vast majority of people under 16 will
have been born in the UK.
Different Set Of Problems
The implications behind
this information are highly significant and present a very different
set of problems to TECs and other organisations when it comes to
developing plans and strategies to meet the needs of ethnic minority
Here, too, is
another excellent example of the inadequacy of categorising people
within broad brush definitions.
Just think about
it: with the majority of those aged under 16, we have a group of
young people who are growing up within a different culture from
that of their parents. As a result of this `culture clash', communication
breakdowns frequently occur, with parents and their children finding
it increasingly difficult to relate.
unemployment rates For South Asians, quoted within this report.,
are based on the published figures for the period 1987-1989 (iii),
and are therefore not an accurate reflection of the picture today.
direct comparison of the rates for the period in question highlights
some significant differences. Al 25 per cent, the unemployment rate
among Pakistanis and Bangladeshis stood at. more than twice that
for the Indian population (around 11 per cent). Both figures, however,
were higher than that given for the White population, which stood
at nine per cent.
What can we learn
from the figures in Table Four (below)?
As one can see,
Indians tend towards the managerial/professional occupations. In
fact, in this respect, they have a greater presence in these occupational
groups than do the. White population (iv).
Pakistanis, on the
other.her hand, seem to be highly represented in the manual occupations,
while Pakistani women, along with their Bangladeshi counterparts,
tend to have a lower rate of participation in all occupations.
Although some Pakistanis
can be found in the professional occupational groups, they appear
to be absent. from the clerical/white collar jobs.
Home Office Statistical Monitor (1991) page 4
(iii) see Home
Office Statistical Monitor (1991) page 8
(iv) see Home
Office Statistical Monitor (1991) page 9
from the South Asian communities have a much higher level of self-employment
than that for the white population. This, again, has important
implications for TECs and other organisations, as does the fact
that the majority of self-employed South Asians either work alone
or employ just one or two other people.
From the data
in Table Six, it appears that the Pakistanis and Bangladeshis performed
least well within the British educational system. Indians,
on the other hand, have achieved a high level of performance, with
twice as many obtaining degrees as their Pakistani and Bangladeshi